Sabtu, 20 November 2010

Indonesia national football team

Nickname(s) Garuda
Merah Putih
(The Reds and Whites)
Association Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI)
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Head coach Alfred Riedl
Asst coach Widodo C Putro
Wolfgang Pikal
Captain Bambang Pamungkas
Most caps Bambang Pamungkas (73)
Top scorer Bambang Pamungkas (36)
Home stadium Gelora Bung Karno Stadium
FIFA ranking 135
Highest FIFA ranking 76 (September 1998)
Lowest FIFA ranking 153 (December 1995, December 2006 and July 2008)
Elo ranking 140
Highest Elo ranking 35 (November 1969)
Lowest Elo ranking 155 (4 December 1995)

Home colours
Away colours

First international
Dutch East Indies 7–1 Japan
(Manila, Philippines; May 13, 1934)
Biggest win
Indonesia 12–0 Philippines
(Seoul, South Korea; September 22, 1972)
Indonesia 13–1 Philippines
(Jakarta, Indonesia; December 23, 2002)
Biggest defeat
Denmark 9–0 Indonesia
(Copenhagen, Denmark; September 3, 1974)
World Cup
Appearances 1 (First in 1938)
Best result Round 1, 1938
Asian Cup
Appearances 4 (First in 1996)
Best result Round 1, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2007

The Indonesia national football team represents Indonesia in international football; it is controlled by the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI). Despite football being one of the nation's favourite sports, Indonesia is not among the strongest teams in the AFC. However, in history they are considered as one of the strong teams in Southeast Asia. Prior to independence in 1945, the team competed as the Dutch East Indies national football team.

National team
See also: Indonesia at the FIFA World Cup
Indonesia, under the name Dutch East Indies, was the first Asian team to participate in the World Cup when they qualified to the 1938 tournament. A 6-0 first-round loss in Reims to eventual finalists Hungary remains the country's only appearance in the World Cup.

Dutch East Indies players line up in Reims, France in 1938 to face Hungary.In 1958, the team tasted their first World Cup action as Indonesia in the qualifying rounds. They got past China in the first round, but subsequently refused to play their next opponents Israel. The team suffered a long hiatus from FIFA World Cup since 1958 due to an unfavourable political situation - both internally and externally. It was only in 1974 that Indonesia returned to the fold.

Indonesia's first appearance in the AFC Asian Cup was in the United Arab Emirates in 1996, Indonesia only gained one point from a draw against Kuwait in the first round. Their second appearance in Asian Cup was in Lebanon in 2000; again, Indonesia gained only one point from three games. Indonesia performed better in the 2004 AFC Asian Cup, beating Qatar 2-1 to record their first ever victory in the Asian Cup; unfortunately this was not enough to qualify for the second round. In 2007, they were the co-host of the tournament. They defeated Bahrain 2-1 in their opening match, but lost their last two ties against Asian giants Saudi Arabia and South Korea and finished third in the group and failed to reach the quarter-finals. Nevertheless, their 2007 AFC Asian Cup performance is considered as their best performance in the tournament.

Indonesia has yet to win the regional Tiger Cup, despite reaching the final three times (2000, 2002, and 2004). Their only continental titles came in the 1987 and 1991 Southeast Asian Games. A group win in the 2004 Asian Cup tournament, their first ever in that competition, may signal a rise in the side's stature on the Asian football scene. Under the guidance of former Aston Villa and England striker Peter Withe, the South-East Asian outfit looked set to continue their success in terms of football development and in the FIFA World Rankings. However on January 18, 2007, Withe was sacked due to their first round exit from the ASEAN Football Championship and replaced by Ivan Venkov Kolev. Recently Benny Dollo was appointed as the new head coach after Ivan Venkov Kolev was sacked due to the team's poor performance at the 2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers.

The 1998 ASEAN Football Championship tournament was one of particular controversy in regards to the Indonesian team. This tournament was marred by an unsportsmanlike match between Thailand and Indonesia during the group stage of the competition. Both teams were already assured of qualification for the semi-finals, but both teams knew that the winners of the game would face hosts Vietnam in the semi-finals, while the losing team would face Singapore who were perceived to be easier, and would avoid the fuss of moving training bases from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi for the semi-final. The first half saw little action, with both teams barely making an attempt to score. During the second half both teams managed to score, partly thanks to half-hearted defending, resulting in a 2–2 tie after 90 minutes. Then, during extra time, Indonesian defender Mursyid Effendi deliberately kicked the ball into his own goal, despite the Thais attempts to stop him doing so, thus handing Thailand a 3-2 victory. Both teams were fined for "violating the spirit of the game" and Mursyid Effendi was banned from football for life.

In the semi-finals, Thailand lost to Vietnam, and Indonesia also lost to Singapore. Thailand would go on to lose the third place game to Indonesia in a penalty shootout. In the final, the title was to elude the hosts as they went down 1–0 to unfancied Singapore in one of the competition's biggest shocks to date.


Kit used in the 1938 FIFA World Cup

Indonesia's football jersey in 1981During the Dutch colonial era, the team competed as Dutch East Indies in international matches and played in an orange jersey, the national colour of the Netherlands. There are no official documents about the team's kit, only several black-and-white photos from the match against Hungary in the 1938 FIFA World Cup, but unofficial documents stated that the kit consisted of an orange jersey, white shorts and light blue socks.[1] After Indonesia's independence, the kit consists the colours of the country's flag, which are red and white. A combination of green and white has also been used for the away kits, and was used from the team's participation in the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, until in the mid 1980s.[2] During the 1990s, the colour changed to all-red for the home kit and all-white for the away kit. In 2007, just before the start of the Asian Cup, the original colours were restored.

The shirt badge has always been the Garuda Pancasila, Indonesia's coat of arms. This is where the inspiration of the song Garuda di Dadaku (Garuda on My Chest) came from. The song is a modified version of a Papuan folk song, Apuse, with the lyrics changed. It was made by Persija Jakarta football fans, and was popularized by Jakmania which was recorded for a movie under the same name.

[edit] Home Stadium
Main article: Gelora Bung Karno Stadium

Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, JakartaThe Indonesian home stadium is the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Jakarta. The stadium capacity is 88,083. The stadium is the largest Stadium in Indonesia, it is also the largest stadium in South East Asia and the 10th Biggest football stadium in the world. It is located in Jakarta, Indonesia. The stadium was built in 1960 for the 1962 Asian Games and is the home stadium of Indonesia football team up to present.

Other Stadiums Used:

Lebak Bulus Stadium
Jakabaring Stadium
Jalak Harupat Soreang Stadium
Gelora 10 November Stadium
Manahan Stadium
Siliwangi Stadium


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